Patient’s Safety in Spine Surgery

The Association for Medical Ethics provides the links to many publications with regards to conflicts of interest on their News & Media page:

Some links to newspapers and blogs describing the conflict of interest there is with spine surgeons affiliated to industry are also provided in the following:

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Top Spine Surgeons Reap Royalties, Medicare Bounty -

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Medtronic to Pay $1.35 Billion to Inventor - The New York Times

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The Spine as Profit Center - The New York Times

Surgeons on the payroll of industry can be found on the yearly Scoliosis Research Society Programs (example below)
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as well as on the website of the Association for Medical Ethics.

Sometimes even in healthy individuals spine surgery may lead to fatal consequences:

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Testimony of Dr. Rosen:

And still today there is no high quality evidence supporting spine surgery for patients with spinal deformities, while the long-term adverse effects of such surgery seems to far exceed the consequences of the deformity: